Bobby Mitchell

Bobby Mitchell


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Robert (Bobby) Mitchell se je rodil v Glasgowu 16. avgusta 1924. Tretjemu Lanarku se je pridružil junija 1942, a je njegovo nogometno kariero prekinila druga svetovna vojna. Med spopadom je bil telegrafist v kraljevski mornarici, med spopadom pa je služil v Sredozemlju in na Pacifiku.

Februarja 1949 je George Martin, trener Newcastle Uniteda, za Mitchella plačal 17.000 funtov, kar je rekordna pristojbina za krilnega igralca. Pridružil se je ekipi, v kateri so bili Bobby Cowell, Joe Harvey, Frank Brennan, Jack Fairbrother, Bobby Corbett, Len Shackleton, Charlie Wayman, Charlie Crowe, Tommy Walker, Ernie Taylor, Jackie Milburn in George Robledo. Te sezone je klub končal na 4. mestu prve lige.

Mitchell je bil takojšen uspeh. Kot poudarja Paul Joannou Črna in bela abeceda: "Visok in vrbeč, slovel je po svoji brezhibni kontroli žog in čarovništvu na krilih ter dosegel veliko pomembnih zadetkov za Newcastle ... Zmogel je dvigniti svojo igro na pomembno tekmo, navdušil je množico s čarobnim delovanjem z nogo in veščinami žoge."

Newcastle United je še naprej dobro napredoval v prvi ligi in v sezoni 1949-50 zasedel 5. mesto. Jackie Milburn je bil najboljši strelec z 18 goli na 30 ligaških tekmah. Mitchell, ki je dosegel veliko število golov Milburna, je na 38 ligaških tekmah dosegel 8 zadetkov. Klub je v sezoni 1950-51 zasedel 4. mesto. Klub je prav tako užival v dobri tekmi pokala FA, ki je v finalu proti Blackpoolu premagal Bolton Wanderers (3-2), Stoke City (4-2), Bristol Rovers (3-1) in Wolverhampton Wanderers (2-1).

Obramba je bila v prvem polčasu pod nadzorom. Zastoj je bil prekinjen v 50. minuti, ko je Jackie Milburn zbrala podajo Georgea Robleda, da je streljala proti domu. Pet minut kasneje je Ernie Taylor pametno potisnil žogo nazaj in Milburn je zadel z močnim strelom s 25 metrov. Mitchell je osvojil prvo medaljo zmagovalcev pokala FA.

12. maja 1951 je Mitchell proti Danski osvojil prvo mednarodno tekmo za Škotsko. Mitchell je pri zmagi s 3: 1 dosegel enega izmed zadetkov. Štiri dni pozneje je Mitchell odigral zmago nad Francijo z 1: 0.

Newcastle United je imel v sezoni 1951-52 še eno dobro tekmo pokala FA, ki je premagal Aston Villa (4-2), Tottenham Hotspur (3-0), Swansea City (1-0), Portsmouth (4-2), Blackburn Rovers ( 2-1) za finale proti Arsenalu. Kot nosilci so Newcastle želeli postati prva ekipa, ki je ohranila pokal FA od Blackburna leta 1891. Arsenal je v prvenstvu prve lige dosegel 3. mesto, Newcastlu pa je uspelo le 8. mesto, kar je njihov najnižji položaj od napredovanja leta 1948.

V 19. minuti se je Wally Barnes poškodoval v obračunu z Jackie Milburn. Poskušal je nadaljevati, a je bil v 35. minuti prisiljen zapustiti igrišče. Arsenalovih deset mož se je veličastno borilo proti napadalcem Newcastla. Vztrajali so do 85. minute, ko je George Robledo z glavo zadel v križu Milburn. Mitchell je osvojil drugo medaljo zmagovalcev pokala FA.

Newcastle United se je v sezoni 1952-53 boril v prvi ligi in končal na 16. mestu. Mitchell je na 35 tekmah dosegel 10 golov. Naslednjo sezono je Newcastle zagotovil prvo deseterico. Stan Seymour je razvijal dobro ekipo, v kateri so bili Mitchell, Jimmy Scouler, Bobby Cowell, Frank Brennan, Alf McMichael, Tommy Walker, Bob Stokoe, Ronnie Simpson, Jackie Milburn, George Hannah, Vic Keeble in Len White.

Mitchell je bil v odlični formi v sezoni 1954-55, ko je bil najboljši strelec z 19 goli na 40 ligaških tekmah. Te sezone je klub končal na 8. mestu v prvi ligi.

Newcastle je imel v sezoni 1954-55 tudi dober pokal FA, saj je premagal Plymouth Argyle (1-0), Brentford (3-2), Nottingham Forest (2-1), Huddersfield Town (2-0), York City ( 2-0) za finale proti Manchester Cityju. Jackie Milburn se je kasneje spomnila, kako se je igra začela: "Zmagal sem v kotu na desni in Len White je stekel, da bi ga izvedel. Kapetan Manchester Cityja, Roy Paul, je stal poleg mene, ko je Len postavil žogo, a je nenadoma zavpil," K vragu, moral bi označevati Keebleja, "zato je odletel in poiskal velikega Vica, ki je bil bolj znan po svoji veščini v zraku. Len je odstrelil žogo v mojo smer in tam sem stal sam sam, kot Greyjev spomenik. žogo z glavo poslal mimo vratarja Berta Trautmanna in to je bilo to. "

Stanje se je za City še poslabšalo, ko je Jimmy Meadows v 18. minuti utrpel hudo poškodbo kolena. Tako kot leta 1952 je imel Newcastle premagati le deset mož. Kljub tej pomanjkljivosti je City izenačil, ko je po dobrem delu Joea Hayesa Bobby Johnstone s skokom z glavo premagal Ronnieja Simpsona. V drugem polčasu je Newcastle United dosegel številčno prednost. V 53. minuti je Bobby Mitchell tekel po krilu, preden je zadel iz ostrega kota. Kmalu zatem je z podajo Mitchella zadel George Hannah. Mitchell in Newcastle sta tretjič v petih letih osvojila pokal FA.

Mitchell je v naslednjih treh sezonah ostal redni član ekipe Newcastle United. Vendar pa je v sezoni 1958-59 igral le na 16 tekmah. Naslednji dve sezoni je bila ista zgodba in leta 1961 je dobil brezplačen prestop. Mitchell je na 367 ligaških tekmah dosegel 95 golov. Tega leta se je na njegovo pričevalno tekmo zbralo 40.993 oboževalcev.

Mitchell je med majem 1963 in februarjem 1966. postal igralec-manager Gateshead. Po upokojitvi je vodil dva puba Cradlewell v Jesmondu in Lochside v Heatonu.

Bobby Mitchell je umrl 8. aprila 1993 v Newcastlu ob Tyneu.


Bobby Mitchell

Bobby Mitchell & amp; The Toppers so bili del vala newyorlenskih rock & rollerjev, ki so sledili po Fats Dominu in Lloydu Priceu. Čeprav je skupina imela omejen uspeh (njihova najbolj znana pesem "Try Rock 'n Roll" se je na nacionalni ravni povzpela med 20 najboljših R&B, "I'm Gonna Be a Wheel Someday" pa je bil razburljiv v številnih krajih, ne da bi se kdaj uvrstil na državno lestvico ) in razpadel leta 1954, je Mitchell 35 let ostal priljubljena oseba v R&B New Orleansu.

Bobby Mitchell se je rodil v Alžiru, Louisiana, drugi najstarejši od 17 otrok v družini, ki se je preživljala z ribolovom ob reki Mississippi-Mitchell je sam prispeval k blaginji družine z rezanjem in prodajo lesa. Ko je bil star deset let, se je po šoli zaposlil in dostavljal za trgovino s pijačami. Bil je dober in mimoidoči mu je za nastope dal denar in denar.

Mitchell je v šoli igral nogomet, dokler ga poškodba ni trajno zapustila, nato pa se je pridružil šolskemu zboru. Ko je končal šolo, mu je učitelj glasbe dajal solaže na številkah, kot sta "Ol 'Man River" in "Nikoli ne boš hodil sam". Pri 17 letih je bil v svoji prvi pevski skupini Louisiana Groovers. Do takrat je Mitchell trdno padel pod vpliv R&B, predvsem zvoka Roya Browna.

Mitchell je napisal svojo prvo avtorsko pesem "One Friday Morning", doo-wow-style balado, ki jo je kot demo posnel s pomočjo učitelja z magnetofonom (še vedno relativno redkost leta 1952). Ta trak je pritegnil pozornost na lokalni radijski postaji, kar je privedlo do ustanovitve podporne skupine, imenovane Toppers, ki jo sestavljajo Lloyd Bellaire (tenor), Joseph Butler (tenor), Willie Bridges (bariton), Frank Bocage (bas) in Gabriel Fleming (klavir). Glasno so nanje vplivala dejanja, kot sta Clyde McPhatter in Dominoes, čeprav so poslušali tudi plošče Roya Hamiltona in Nat Kinga Cola. Eden od dejavnikov, ki jim je takrat preprečil, da bi prišli do trdnejše usmeritve, je bila njihova mladost - Mitchell je imel takrat komaj 17 let.

Sčasoma sta se povezala s producentom Daveom Bartholomewom in na njegov nagovor odrezala nekaj demo posnetkov za Imperial Records. Skupina je naredila tako, kot je bilo zahtevano, toda takrat je bilo videti, da ne bo šlo tako dobro. Šest jih je vsak dan hodilo osem kilometrov v studio na vadbo z Bartholomewom, na koncu pa je Imperial želel le Mitchella, dokler pevec ni vztrajal, da so vsi ali nič. Bartholomew je popustil, medtem pa je skupina dobila svojo prvo avtorsko pesem "Rack 'Em Back", ki jo je napisal Joe Butler kot odgovor na klovnanje na teh dolgih sprehodih.

To je postalo B-stran njihovega prvega singla, medtem ko je bil izvirnik Lloyda Bellairea "I'm Crying" na strani A. Izdan maja 1953, se ni dobro prodajal, čeprav je bil to začetek - Mitchellov glas je bil močan in izjemno izrazit, a na začetku nenavadno neenakomeren, zaradi česar je bilo njegovo snemanje zapleteno, petje Toppers je bilo gladko, podpora pa avtorja Lee Allen na tenor saksofonu, Earl Palmer na bobnih in Red Taylor na bariton saksofonu (z Bartholomewjem na trobenti), je bil trden kot kateri koli rock & roll, ki je bil v New Orleansu v tistem času. Na odru v tistih prvih dneh pa je bila instrumentalna podpora skupine klavir Gabriela Fleminga.

"I'm Crying" se je dobro prodajal v krajih, kot sta Cincinnati in Houston, vendar se Mitchell in njegova skupina nista mogli več pojavljati pri promociji plošče, predvsem zaradi njihove starosti in dejstva, da so še vedno morali obiskovati šolo. Poleg tega niso mogli igrati nočnih klubov niti lokalno, ker so bili mladoletni, zato so igrali srednješolske plese, zabave, poroke in prireditve na mestih, kot je dvorana American Legion Hall. Njihova snemalna kariera se je nadaljevala z več sejami, kar je povzročilo klasike, kot je "4x11 Equals 44", rock melodija, zgrajena okoli niza priljubljenih loterijskih številk.

Mitchell je imel težave pri usklajevanju zahtev kariere s šolo, Toppers pa so zdržali do začetka leta 1954, ko so se končno razšli po seji, ki je vključevala dve vroči pesmi, grozljiv "School Boy Blues", s kitarskim uvodom Justina Adamsa , in "Sister Lucy", slednjo je izpostavil solo Lee Allen. "Sister Lucy" je končala kot B-stran lokalnega obojestranskega hita z Bellairejevo pesmijo "My Baby's Gone" "Sister Lucy" je pritegnila bele poslušalce, medtem ko je Bellairejeva pesem dosegla črne postaje in klube.

Do razpada Toppers je prišlo zaradi vojaškega vpoklica, ki je zahteval člane, ko so dopolnili 18 let. Lloyd Bellaire se je pridružil vojski, Frank Bocage se je pridružil mornarici, Joseph Butler in Willie Bridges pa sta se pridružila letalskim silam. Konec leta so prekinili še eno sejo, ki pa je v bistvu prenehala obstajati spomladi 1954. Ironično, ravno v tistem trenutku sta pesmi "My Baby's Gone" in "Sister Lucy" postala lokalni uspešnici. Mitchell in Toppers so bili nenadoma v velikem povpraševanju in z Gabrielom Flemingom je Mitchell organiziral novo skupino, imenovano King Toppers.

Lokalni uspeh pesmi "My Baby's Gone" se nikoli ni ponovil na nacionalni ravni, njegova naslednja plošča "Nothing Sweet as You"/"I Wish I Knew" pa ni uspela uvrstiti na lestvico. Mitchell je bil v studiu neaktiven leta 1955. K snemanju se je vrnil v začetku leta 1956 s pesmijo, prilagojeno za obdobje, "Try Rock 'n Roll", eno od tistih melodij, ki naj bi izkoristila zdaj priljubljen glasbeni slog in ime. Ta rekord se je uvrstil na 14. mesto Billboardove lestvice R&B, čeprav je bil v nekaterih mestih veliko boljši od tega, Mitchell pa je bil rezerviran za oddaje vseh zvezd tako daleč kot v New Yorku in Los Angelesu.

Leta 1957 je Bartholomew prejel pesem Cajunskega pisca po imenu Roy Hayes z naslovom "I'm Gonna Be a Wheel Someday" in jo dal Mitchellu v posnetek. Lokalno je postal hit v Philadelphiji, New Orleansu in Kansas Cityju, Mitchellu pa je uspelo uvrstiti se na American Bandstand. Mitchell je promotorjem in disk jokejem v tistih mestih, kjer še nikoli ni igral, dokazal nekaj presenečenja, ker so na podlagi te plošče domnevali, da je bel.

Občasni uspeh Mitchella na Imperialu se je končal leta 1958, saj je založba opustila večino svojih new orleanskih del, razen Fats Domina. Še naprej je nastopal in snemal, pri tem pa je v prejšnjem zakonu poskušal podpreti ženo in njene tri otroke. Podpisal se je z nizom manjših založb v zgodnjih 60. letih in ob tem sodeloval z dr. Johnom. Do sredine šestdesetih let je imel par osem otrok in Mitchellova kariera se je ustavila. Še vedno je igral v Houstonu in Mobileu, vendar njegove plošče niso bile prodajne - zelo kmalu se je vrnil pri Imperial Records, nato pa se je vrnil v Rip Records, kjer je prej odrezal nekaj singlov. Strani za Rip in Sho-Biz sta bili med najboljšimi pesmimi, ki jih je Mitchell kdajkoli posnel, vendar v veliki meri niso bili slišani.

Srčni napad v zgodnjih šestdesetih je končal njegovo kariero na cesti. Mitchell je še naprej nastopal v New Orleansu, kjer je naslednjih 29 let ostal glasbena zvezdnica, redno nastopal in na koncu našel novo priznanje. Proti koncu svojega življenja je videl tudi prvi denar iz svojih izvirnih posnetkov Imperial z izidom izdane plošče, Jaz bom nekoč kolo. Mitchell je postal eden najbolj vidnih in prihajajočih veteranov 50 -ih let v New Orleansu. Umrl je leta 1989 po letih hujših bolezni, vključno s sladkorno boleznijo, odpovedjo ledvic in dvema srčnima napadoma.

Na mnoge Mitchellove zgodnje posnetke so vplivale prevladujoče glasbene osebnosti njegovega časa, med njimi Roy Brown, Roy Hamilton in zlasti Fats Domino, kar je bilo razumljivo, saj je imel istega producenta in je bil na isti založbi. Njegov glas pa je imel svojo lastno izrazito kakovost, ki je postala prepoznavna, ko se je v studiu udobno počutil. Toppers, ki so po sredini leta 1954 prenehali sodelovati z Mitchellom, so bili glasbeno nekoliko nepredvidljiva skupina, predvsem zaradi starosti, njihov zvok pa je zavestno izhajal iz številnih vokalnih skupin tega obdobja, zlasti zgodnjih Driftersov. Bartholomewjevi vrhunski sementarji so jih podprli, vendar so bile njihove plošče v svojem najboljšem stanju R&B New Orleansa, mnoge plošče pa so klasika zvoka iz tiste dobe, če ne na enaki ravni kot tiste Fats Domina, potem zagotovo prebivajo na raven tik pod njegovim in Lloydom Priceom.


Bobby Mitchell (pevec)

Mitchell se je rodil v oddelku Algiers v New Orleansu. [1] Bil je priljubljen snemalni umetnik v petdesetih in zgodnjih šestdesetih letih prejšnjega stoletja, snemal je za Imperial Records, Show Biz Records in Rip Records. Prvič je posnel v svojih najstniških letih z doo-wop skupino "The Toppers", ki je bila razpadla, ko je bila večina članov sestavljena. [1] Mitchellov singel "Try Rock 'n Roll" se je uvrstil med 20 najboljših v ZDA Reklamni pano Lestvica R & ampB leta 1956. [2] Mnoge njegove seje je priredil Dave Bartholomew. Njegov singl "I'm Gonna Be a Wheel Someday" je bil uspešnica, ki je že pred datumom bolj znane naslovnice pesmi Fats Domino, Mitchell pa se je pojavil na Ameriško stojalo. [1]

V zgodnjih osemdesetih je delal radijske oddaje na WWOZ. [3]

Mitchell je umrl marca 1989, v starosti 53 let, po letih zdravstvenih težav, vključno s sladkorno boleznijo, odpovedjo ledvic in več srčnimi napadi. [1]


BOBBY MITCHELL JE BIL PRVI ČRNI IGRAČ V ZGODOVINI WASHINGTONA REDSKINSA, Dvorana FAMERJA IN POMOČNI GENERALNI VODITELJ EKIPE. A KAKO SE UPOKOJI, VELIKO OSTANE A.

Ko je Bobby Mitchell v petek pozno popoldne odšel iz parka Redskin in se zadnjič odpravil na parkirišče, se je odpravil na enega najbolj grenkih sprehodov, ki jih je lahko naredil na novo upokojen moški.

Sladki del je prišel, ko je razmišljal o 44-letni karieri v ligi NFL, v kateri je kot igralec vstopil v Pro Football Hall of Fame in zakril pot, ki je pravkar začela odpirati priložnosti afroameriškim igralcem in administratorjem.

Grenki del je prišel, ko je pomislil na zlorabo, ki jo je vzel kot prvi temnopolti igralec v kampusu na Univerzi v Illinoisu, prvi temnopolti, ki je igral za Washington Redskins, ter na zanemarjanje in prekršene obljube, ki so mu jih nakopičili zadnji trije lastniki rdečekožcev.

& quotVečina ljudi, ki slišijo mojo zgodbo, se morda zdi, da se pritožujem, "je dejal," včasih pa resnica zveni kot pritožba. Imel sem prekleto dobro življenje. Ko ostaneš na enem mestu 40 let, je težko reči, da nisi izpolnjen. Manjša pritožba je, da nisem dobil vsega, kar sem hotel.

& quot; Odhajam z velikim zadovoljstvom, vendar ne morem zavrniti vse bolečine. «

Zadnja v nizu poškodb se je zgodila na treningu, ko je bila njegova številka na dresu 49 dodeljena novincu. To je bolečina, za katero pravi, da bo ostala z njim do konca življenja.

& quot Če odidem in se mi rdečekožci nikoli več ne javijo, bo to verjetno razlog, «je dejal. & quot; Ne verjamem, da se ljudje tukaj zavedajo, da je to bila moja številka. «

Rdečekožci uradno niso upokojili številke, vendar jih je nekaj, ki niso bili dodeljeni, odkar so se igralci upokojili. Na seznamu so Joe Theismann (7), Sonny Jurgensen (9), Sammy Baugh (33), Charley Taylor (42), Larry Brown (43), Dave Butz (65), Art Monk (81) in do julija lani , Mitchell.

& quotMoja številka je bila ena prvih, ki je bila umaknjena, nato pa je bila prva odstranjena, «je dodal. & quot; V življenju sem imel veliko bolečin, vendar je to morda največje od vseh. «

Mitchell je v petek odšel kot odhajajoči pomočnik generalnega direktorja, naziv, ki ga je imel od leta 1981. Bil je prvi temnopolti, ki je tako napredoval kot administrator, vendar to ni bilo zadnje mesto, ki ga je želel.

Ko se je Mitchell leta 1969 upokojil kot igralec, je sanjal, da bi postal prvi generalni direktor NFL. Ne glede na to, da bo minilo 20 let, preden bo Art Shell (Raiders) postal prvi črni trener lige. Na podlagi nasveta in spodbude pokojnega trenerja Vincea Lombardija je Mitchell svojo kariero začel v kadru z prepričanjem, da bo nekoč dobil želeni naslov GM.

& quotČe trdo delate, boste opaženi, «je obljubil Lombardi.

In 12 let je imel Lombardi prav.

Mitchell, ki je štiri leta delil isto zaledje z Jimom Brownom v Clevelandu, preden so ga leta 1962 zamenjali za Redskins, je prejel vrsto napredovanj. Začel je kot tabornik, leta 1976 je postal direktor profesionalnega osebja pri trenerju Georgeu Allenu, pomočnik predsednika in lastnika ekipe Edwarda Bennetta Williamsa leta 1978 ter pomočnik generalnega direktorja leta 1981.

Med potjo, tako kot je igral kot igralec, je Mitchell razkril steze.

& quotVčasih je bilo v ligi malo črnih tabornikov, njihova naloga pa je bila taboriti črne šole, «je dejal Mitchell. & quot; Bil sem prvi črni skavt, ki je obiskoval bele šole, kot sta Mississippi in Montana. Leta 1973 sem z Georgeom Allenom ustvaril tudi prvi oddelek profesionalnega taborništva, ki je prerasel v morda najpomembnejšega našega taborniškega oddelka. «

Naprej in navzgor, ali je vsaj tako mislil.

Mitchellovo prvo razočaranje je prišlo leta 1980, ko je Williams, ki je Mitchellu povedal, da ga bodo nekega dne spreobrnili v GM, odšel izven organizacije in za generalnega direktorja najel vodjo osebja Miami Dolphins Bobbyja Beatharda.

& quot Srce mi je padlo, ko sem slišal za to, «je dejal Mitchell. & quot; Takrat sem spoznal, da mi je Lombardi lagal. Ni hotel ali poskusil. Mislil je, da pozna NFL, vendar ni poznal lastnikov. «

Devet let pozneje je Mitchellu srce spet zašlo. Potonila je tako nizko, da je v resnici vedel, da mu samo trdo delo in znanje ne bosta prinesla pisarne z »Quote General Manager« na vratih.

Potem ko sta se Beathard in glavni trener Joe Gibbs spopadla za oblast glede osnutka fakultete in drugih kadrovskih zadev, je Cooke odpustil Beatharda in za generalnega direktorja imenoval direktorja taborništva Charleyja Casserlyja.

"Kaj se je zgodilo, ni imelo nobene zveze z usposabljanjem in kvalifikacijami," je dejal Mitchell. & quotPrimerno je, da si moškemu zgoraj všeč. Gospod Cooke sem me imel rad, vendar ne do te mere, da bi me naredil za GM. Takrat sem izvedel, da je ta kvalifikacijska šala velika šala. «

Mitchell ne verjame, da so lastniki rasisti, vendar meni, da je barva njegove kože zelo povezana s kariero, ko je dosegla zgornjo mejo. Vsi lastniki lige so beli in do nedavnega tudi vsi generalni direktorji.

& quot; Mislim, da lastniki namerno ne zatirajo črncev, «je dejal. & quotPrimerno je, da ne poznajo veliko črncev. Ne pravim, da bi morali lastniki najeti črnega generalnega direktorja samo zato, da bi ga imeli, vendar je tako težko dobiti črnega, da bi bil opazen. «

Ozzie Newsome, ki je pred kratkim postal prvi Afroamerikanec, ki je vodil nogometni oddelek NFL, ko je bil imenovan za podpredsednika osebja igralcev in generalnega direktorja Baltimore Ravens, se strinja s Mitchellovim stališčem.

"Zdaj imamo nekaj fantov, ki so na vrhu ali blizu njega," je dejal, "in ko bodo številke tam, bo nekdo dobil priložnost, da nas premaga.

& quotV preteklosti bi se lastnik, če bi prišlo do odprtja (GM), pogovarjal z drugim lastnikom in ta bi priporočil nemanjšine, ker je edini, ki ga pozna. Zdaj se spreminja, ker je pri odločanju okoli lige več manjšin. Napredujemo in pridobivamo večjo prepoznavnost pri lastnikih, vendar ne verjamem, da bi morali na to postaviti številko in jo razdeliti na 50-50. «

Postopek pospešujejo odvetnika za državljanske pravice Cyrus Mehri in Johnnie Cochran, ki sta septembra izdala poročilo, v katerem kritizirata pomanjkanje manjšin na ravni upravljanja v NFL. Komisar lige Paul Tagliabue je nato ustanovil izvršni odbor lastnikov in igralcev, ki je zadolžen za iskanje manjšinskih kandidatov z upravljavskim potencialom in njihovo postavitev v položaj za uspeh.

Morda ni naključje, da se je število manjšin z dolžnostmi generalnega direktorja nedavno povečalo na tri, ko sta lastnika James Harris (Jacksonville) in Rod Graves (Arizona) imenovala za podpredsednika kadrovskega osebja.

& quot; Zdaj bi si morda lahko neka mlada manjšina nekega dne prizadevala postati generalni direktor, ker so tla podrta, «je v nedavnem intervjuju za The Tennessean dejal glavni trener Indianapolisa Tony Dungy, eden od treh trenerjev črne lige. & quotOzzie Newsomes je tam na veliko različnih mestih, ki čakajo na priložnost. «

Zagotovo so to razsvetljeni časi v ligi NFL, a za Mitchella prihaja prepozno.

"Prezgodaj sem bil, prezgodaj," je dejal. & quot Če bi prišel pred 10 leti, bi imel enako priložnost kot kdorkoli, da bi bil generalni direktor.

Namesto tega je prišel domačin iz Little Rocka, Ark., V petdesetih letih prejšnjega stoletja, ko temnopolti v svetu športa niso smeli početi ničesar drugega kot nastopati na atletskih igriščih.

Mitchell ni mislil, da bo rasizem del njegovega življenja, ko se je leta 1954 odpravil v Illinois, deželo Lincoln, na nogometno štipendijo.

Napačno. Dve leti sta bila skupaj z drugimi temnopoltimi športniki nastanjena v vojaški vojašnici na robu kampusa Champaign, Ill. Njegov prvi korak, ki je postal prvi, ki je nekaj naredil, se je začel pred mlajšim letom, ko je predsednik univerze poklical Mitchella v svojo pisarno.

"V bistvu mi je povedal, da mu je všeč, kako se obnašam, da imam manire in da želi nekaj narediti z mano," je dejal Mitchell. "Postavil me je v čudovito študentsko sobo z belimi otroki in v enem letu so bili črnci v domovih."

Kot prvi temnopolti, ki je živel v kampusu v Illinoisu, je šlo brez težav, a tega ni mogoče reči za naslednjo oviro, ki jo je podrl.

Integracija je NFL dosegla leta 1946, leta 1961 pa Redskins še ni podpisal črnega igralca. To je bil položaj, ki ga je opazil predsednik Kennedy, ki je živel ob cesti od starega stadiona Griffith, kjer je igrala ekipa. Po takratnih poročilih je Kennedy želel, da bi Williams vključil svojo ekipo, vendar je bil lastnik trdno prepričan, da potrebuje povsem belo ekipo, da se pritoži na svojo veliko bazo podpore v južnih državah.

Kennedyjeva uprava je našla vzvod, ki je bil potreben, da je Williamsa prisilil, da spremeni svojo filozofijo. Novi stadion DC, ki je bil zgrajen na vladnem zemljišču z državnimi dolarji in je bil v lasti vlade, naj bi se odprl leta 1961. Stuart Udall, takratni minister za notranje zadeve, je grozil, da bo Williamsu odvzel uporabno dovoljenje, razen če je obljubil, da bo podpisal črni igralec do leta 1962.

Williams je uresničil svojo obljubo, ko je z izbranko Ernie Davis iz prvega kroga zamenjal Cleveland za Mitchella.

Mitchell je postal zvezda ekipe, ki je imela leto prej rekord 1-12-1. Njegova 11-letna kariera je vključevala 14.078 jardov in 92 touchdownov. Odkril pa je, da je Washington "iz Baltimora" in da je rasizem živ v glavnem mestu države.

Nekoč so ga pljunili, ko je jedel v vrhunski restavraciji v središču mesta, in kljub velikim igram na igrišču je slišal navijače vpiti: »Tega črnuha ne daj žoge.«

& quot; Ko sem prišel v Washington, sem se soočil z nekaj grozljivimi stvarmi, «je dejal. & quot; Bil sem profesionalec, a vse, kar sem naredil, je bilo vaditi in oditi domov ter zapreti vrata, igrati igre in iti domov ter zapreti vrata. Večini mojih soigralcev je bilo vseeno, kakšne barve sem. Jezni so se name, ko nisem dosegel touchdown. Toda navijači in ljudje po mestu so bili grobi. «

Sčasoma, ko je bilo na seznam dodanih več temnopoltih igralcev, je Mitchellova barva kože postala manj problematična. Toda potem, ko se je kot igralec upokojil, so se pri upravljanju morali spoprijeti z drugimi vprašanji.

Williams ga je prepričal, da je na hitri poti, da bi postal generalni direktor, potem pa je šel izven organizacije in najel Beatharda. Ko je najel Casserlyja, Cooke ni niti pomislil na življenjepis Mitchella. In sedanji lastnik Dan Snyder, novi lastnik, ki bi lahko uporabil vse dobre nogometne nasvete, ki jih je dobil, ga je videl le kot nekoga, ki bi zastopal ekipo na skupnostnih funkcijah.

& quotKo je Williams izbral Beatharda, sem se najprej zavedal, da stvari morda ne bodo tako, kot bi morale, «je dejal. & quotZ Cookeom nikoli nisem mogel priti nikamor, ker se ni nikoli dovolj približal, da bi se z mano ukvarjal vsak dan.

& quotZ Snyderjem me (štiri) leta ni nič naredil. Potreboval je veliko pomoči, vendar nikoli ni izkoristil mojega znanja in to ga je stalo veliko denarja.

& quotKo je bil Casserly zaposlen, sem ženi povedal, da bom šel po pokojnino in opravil čim boljše delo, dokler se ne upokojim. Edini razlog, da sem dovolil, da se stvari nadaljujejo (pod Snyderjem), je bil, da sem šel po pokojnino. «

Pot od vhoda v Redskin Parku do parkirišča ni bila dovolj dolga, da bi Mitchell v mislih vso svojo kariero vložil v ličen paket. Ampak ni mu bilo treba. Preživel je.

& quotLjudje bodo pogledali mojo kariero, videli, da sem prvi naredil veliko stvari, in menili, da je to častna značka, "je dejal," vendar sem veliko trpel, ker sem bil prvi. Ni bilo zabavno.

& quotImel sem prekleto dobro življenje in zelo sem ponosen na to, kar sem dosegel. Moje edino razočaranje je, da na koncu nisem prišel tja, kamor sem želel, nekako kot ekipa, ki je imela odlično sezono in ni zmagala na Super Bowlu.

& quot Toda naredil sem vse, kar sem lahko. "

COLLEGE CAREER: Po obetavni drugi letni sezoni v Illinoisu je doživel vrsto poškodb in zmerno igral kot mlajši in starejši. Kljub temu je bil povabljen na tekmo 1958 College All-Star, kjer je ujel dve podaji in kolegij pomagal pri zmagi proti svetovnemu prvaku Detroit Lions 35:19. Blagoslovljen z 9,4 hitrosti v teku na 100 jardov je sodeloval v ekipi proge in za kratek čas držal svetovni rekord v 70 jardih z ovirami.

PRO KARIJERA: V sedmem krogu je Cleveland pripravil leta 1958. Igral je štiri leta na istem zaledju z legendarnim Jimom Brownom, preden so ga leta 1962 zamenjali za Washington. Leta 1962 je vodil ligo na sprejemih s 72. Upokojen leta 1969 s skupno kariero 14.078 jardov in 92 touchdownov. 513 -krat je drvel za 2735 jardov (5,3 povprečja), ujel 521 podaj za 7 953 jardov (15,3 povprečja), vrnil 69 udarcev za 699 jardov (10,2 povprečja) in vrnil 102 udarca za 2690 jardov (26,4 povprečja). Leta 1983 je prejel naziv Pro Football Hall of Fame.

OSEBNO: Delal je skozi taborniške in kadrovske službe in se upokojil kot pomočnik generalnega direktorja. Poročen z dvema otrokoma, Terri in Robertom Jr. Njegova žena Gwen je odvetnica v Washingtonu. Močno je vključen v delo v skupnosti in je član različnih odborov za diplomante v Illinoisu in NFL. Njegov Bobby Mitchell Hall of Fame Golf Classic je zbral več kot 2 milijona dolarjev za raziskave levkemije. Živi v kraju Manassas


Bobby Mitchell - Zgodovina

Bobby Michaels na leto izvede več kot 150 koncertov. Leta 1986 je postal prvi krščanski umetnik v več kot 40 letih, ki mu je bilo dovoljeno gostovati po Ljudski republiki Kitajski. Leta 2002 je postal eden prvih krščanskih umetnikov, ki so bili povabljeni v Severno Korejo kot umetnik na letnem pomladnem glasbenem festivalu. Njegova dva albuma za WORD ("I Have A Reason" in "Time") sta ustvarila več radijskih lestvic "hits", vključno z najnovejšimi "Time", "Anything That Coaste Me Nothing" in "My Redeemer Is Faithful and True" . Naslednja je bila "Say Rejoice" z aktivno radijsko igro po vsem svetu.

Bobby, ki je bil nekoč "rezervni pevec" za pomembne zabavljače, kot so Freddie Fender, Linda Ronstadt, B.J. Thomas, John Denver itd., Se je znašel v zelo resni odvisnosti od kokaina. V iskanju miru je po Jezusu Kristusu, svojem Sinu, našel resnico Boga in Njegov nežen glas odpuščanja. Leta 1985, po podpisu snemalne pogodbe z založbo WORD Records, se je Michaels povezal s producentom in aranžerjem Kurtom Kaiserjem v londonskem studiu ABBEY ROAD STUDIO, da bi posneli svoj prvenec "I Have A Reason".

Naslednji album, "Time", ki ga je produciral Dick Tunney, je produciral zelo odmeven projekt, ki so ga slišali v več kot 32 državah. Za ta album je prejel prvo nominacijo za GRAMMY. Njegov naslednji projekt, album s pesmijo, "This Is My Father's's World", je privlačen za vse starosti in obljublja upanje in spodbudo vsem, saj prejema svetovno radijsko oddajo. Nato je prišel "Healing Under Your Wings" in je bil posnet v Nashvilleu pri založbi Ministry Music. Njegova najnovejša izdaja, "New Man", ki je uvrstila na predhodni seznam nominacij za GRAMMY za obdobje 2001-2002, (s "vpetjem" v reviji "New Man Magazine") obravnava veselje, mir in praznovanje nove. človekovo razumevanje Božje milosti in večja intimnost z Jezusom. "Novi človek" je "svež zvok z obnovljeno energijo" (revija CCM).

Bobbyjeva zadnja izdaja z naslovom ‚TO ENDS OF EARTH`, posneta v Dublinu na Irskem z irskim filmskim orkestrom (iRiverdance ) Havana, Kuba Pretoria, Južna Afrika (z‚ Singers King's Singers '), in Nashville, TN. To je njegov največji projekt doslej s 50 strunami in 5 francoskimi rogovi, ki zajema Bobbyjevo srce za narode in razglaša Jezusa za Odrešenika.

Bobby Michaels zdaj usklajuje svoje delo med nacionalnim in mednarodnim ministrstvom, poje številnim različnim narodnostim v programih nacionalne televizije, na radiu in v javnih nastopih, kot so kamboška televizija za kralja Sihanouka v Kambodži, množični koncerti na prostem v Svazilendu in božični večer na dan glavna ulica Singapurja, ki jo je vlada povabila, naj poje okoli 80.000 Azijcev, ki so se zbrali, da bi si božični večer delili "odštevanje".



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Bobby Mitchell

Bobby Mitchell of the Cleveland Browns, Oct. 21 1962. (AP Photo)

Bobby Mitchell – Wide Receiver/Halfback

For NFL teams, having Pro Football Hall of Famers are like diamonds – precious but rare. If a club has one Hall of Famer on its roster, then it considers itself extremely lucky. Two is a gift. And to have two Hall of Famers at the same position? That's just off the charts. But that's exactly what the Browns enjoyed at one time. For four seasons, from 1958-61, they had a pair of Hall of Fame running backs in halfback Bobby Mitchell and fullback Jim Brown. They are two of the four running backs the Browns have in the Hall of Fame, joining Marion Motley and Leroy Kelly.

The Browns got the steal of the 1958 NFL Draft when they selected Mitchell in the eighth round. He was a tremendous sprinter, and there was some fear by teams that he would forego football and pursue track in the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome. However, he stayed in football. Knowing that Brown was the hub of the offense, Mitchell had no problem playing a complementary role. With Brown the power runner, going between the tackles, the elusive Mitchell worked the outside as both a runner and pass receiver.

As a rookie, Mitchell was second on the Browns to Brown in rushing with 500 yards, averaging a team-high 6.3 yards a carry. He was even better in 1959, as he upped his rushing yards total to 743 and again led the team with a 5.7 average while recording five TDs. As a receiver, he was second in catches with 35, good for a team-best four scores. He had five rushing TDs again in 1960 to go along with 506 yards, and led the Browns in both receptions (45) and scoring catches (six). In 1961, in what would turn out to be his last season as a Brown, he rushed for five scores for a third straight time, and 548 yards. He also caught 32 passes for three TDs. But Mitchell's rushing and receiving were not his only contributions to the Browns, as he was one of the best returners in club history, too. He had both a kickoff and punt return for a TD as a rookie, and returned a punt for a score the following year. He added a kickoff return for a TD in 1960, and had two scores – one each on a punt and kickoff – in 1961.

When it was all said and done with the Browns, Mitchell had rushed for 3,204 career yards, eighth-best in team history, averaged a team-best 5.4 yards a carry and had 16 TDs, and had 16 more scores on 128 receptions. He added six returns for TDs – three each on punts and kickoffs. But Browns head coach Paul Brown wanted a bigger runner to pair with Jim Brown to have more of a power backfield, thus he traded with the Washington Redskins for the rights to the No. 1 overall pick in the 1962 NFL Draft, Heisman Trophy winner Ernie Davis. The price was steep, for the Browns had to give up Mitchell. The Redskins switched him to wide receiver and, as the go-to man on the offense, he starred over the next seven seasons, finishing his 11-yard NFL career with 521 receptions for 65 TDs overall.


Bobby Mitchell (1935-2020)

Bobby Mitchell was a professional football player in the National Football League. In 1962, after three seasons with the Cleveland Browns, Mitchell became the first African American to play for the Washington Redskins, the last team in the league to integrate its roster.

Robert Cornelius Mitchell was born in Hot Springs, Arkansas, on June 6, 1935, one of eight children of the Reverend Albert and Avis Mitchell. He attended Langston High School in Hot Springs where he played football, baseball, basketball, and track. He then enrolled at the University of Illinois on a football scholarship.

In 1958 Mitchell was drafted by the Cleveland Browns to play halfback. He became a star with the team, receiving the first of his four career Pro Bowl selections in 1960. In four seasons with the Browns, he scored 38 touchdowns and accumulated 5,917 total yards in rushing, pass receiving, and punt and kickoff returns.

In 1962 Mitchell was traded to the Washington Redskins, the only remaining team in the league with an all-white roster. The federal government was pressuring team owner George Marshall to integrate, threatening to block the team’s use of the publicly owned D.C. Stadium if he did not. Washington was then the southernmost franchise in the league, and its games were broadcast on TV and radio through the South. Marshall, a segregationist, believed fans would abandon the team if it had Black players. He nevertheless gave in to the government’s demands and signed Mitchell and two other Black players, John Nisby and Ron Hatcher.

In Mitchell’s first game with Washington, he scored three touchdowns, two on pass plays and another on a 92-yard kickoff return. In his first season with the team, he led the league in catches and receiving yards, and he finished third in touchdowns. He played another six seasons in Washington before retiring in 1968. Mitchell was inducted into the Football Hall of Fame in 1983.

Later in life, Mitchell admitted his first few years in Washington were difficult for his family. Some restaurants refused them service, and while on the field he heard racial taunts from fans. Mitchell also said some friendly sportswriters admitted they were instructed not to write feature stories about him or vote for him for awards. Things began to improve as more Black players were added to the team throughout the 1960s, he said.

After retiring as a player, Mitchell moved to the front office and served as an executive from 1969 to 2003. He first served as a talent scout, but in time moved to the position of assistant general manager. Mitchell aspired to be named the sport’s first African American general manager, but he was passed over multiple times in favor of white candidates, and he retired from the organization in 2003 with some bitterness. In June 2020, the Washington team announced Mitchell’s number 49 would be retired.

Mitchell and his wife, Gwen, raised two children, Robert Jr. and Terri. He was involved with many civic organizations, including the United Negro College Fund, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), and Boys Club of Washington. Bobby Mitchell died on April 5, 2020, at the age of 84.


Bobby Mitchell - History

By Paul Attner
Washington Post Staff Writer
Sunday, July 31, 1983 Page K1

CANTON, Ohio, July 30 — On what both called the greatest day of their lives, Bobby Mitchell and Sonny Jurgensen were inducted in the Pro Football Hall of Fame today with the same dignity and class that marked their athletic careers.

For a few moments, as they sat in the shadow of the Hall listening to Edward Bennett Williams present them to the crowd, Jurgensen and Mitchell were young again. They were Washington Redskins again, passing and running as only each man could.

Williams painted the images, of Jurgensen rallying the Redskins past the Dallas Cowboys, of Mitchell gaining 232 yards for the Cleveland Browns against Washington. He painted other images, too, of Jurgensen "who is all man" and of Mitchell "who is a superstar as an athlete and a gentleman."

This was a day of great emotion for both men. They had feared that too much time had passed since their retirements, that their chances of being in the hall would be reduced with each year. Instead, they were side by side today seeing their dream finally come true.

It was also an emotional day for many Redskins fans who traveled here to honor their heroes. Perhaps 300 or more Washingtonians were in the crowd, a turnout that even drew praise from NFL Commissioner Pete Rozelle. Billy Kilmer was there, as was Brig Owens, both former Redskins and friends of Jurgensen and Mitchell.

Jurgensen, reading from a prepared text, was poised and polished during his acceptance speech. Earlier in the day, when asked what he would be thinking about during that speech, he choked up and couldn't speak.

"Coach [Vince] Lombardi and my family," he finally said in a weak voice.

It was Lombardi, Williams recalled, who predicted in 1969 that Jurgensen would make the Hall of Fame. Williams recited Lombardi's words: "Sonny Jurgensen is a great quarterback, he may be the greatest this league has ever seen. He certainly is the greatest I've ever seen. He hangs in there in the worst of adversities. He's no longer a young man, but he's all man."

Williams recalled the day Jurgensen reported to the Redskins after being traded from Philadelphia as "Hallelujah Day in Washington . . . He was Merlin the Magician . . . It was Phoenix coming up from the ashes, it was Lazarus rising from the dead that's what Sonny Jurgensen could do to a team . . . Coach Lombardi is up there today, smiling down, with the pride of a prophet and the love of a father."

Jurgensen also spoke of Lombardi and the 1969 season, the only one Lombardi coached in Washington ("and the only one I didn't play with my sidekick, my stomach"). But earlier, he singled out a 1974 game as perhaps his greatest moment, a last-minute comeback victory over Miami two years after the Redskins had lost to the Dolphins in the Super Bowl, a game in which the injured Jurgensen didn't play.

When Washington won in 1974, Jurgensen said, his reaction was, "If I had been there in 1973, we would have won that one, too."

Mitchell, who gave a moving address, stumbled only when he began talking about his family."

"She has worked tirelessly for many a year," he said about his wife Gwen. "I think of the number of times that she would walk behind so I could shine. I had the glory, she had all the strength. I just hope sometime through this lifetime that I can find the strength to say to her that I think she has been a great partner."

The two men were inducted along with Paul Warfield of the Miami Dolphins, Bobby Bell of the Kansas City Chiefs and Sid Gillman, former coach of the Rams and Chargers. The crowd flowed well beyond the formal seating area. Fans lounged on a nearby hillside and even watched from the top seats of the stadium across the street.

It was so hot the inductees were asked to take off their special Hall of Fame sport coats. But they weren't complaining. They were having too much fun.

"I didn't play for championship teams," said Jurgensen, a fourth-round Eagles draft choice who feared he would never survive in the NFL because he hadn't passed enough in college. "I had nine operations . . . There were a lot of frustrations and disappointments, but this makes up for a lot of those."

Mitchell said that "this is an especially great day for me and my family. It doesn't seem so long ago that I was playing on the fields in the city of Hot Springs, Ark. . . . How do you write a speech for this? How can a speech do justice to this hall? . . . My reaction [to the ceremonies] is one of joy, excitement, delight, and wonderment."

Mitchell spoke of Paul Brown, who paid him $7,000 his rookie season to lure him away from running in the Olympics.

"I was very fortunate to have Paul Brown. He taught me football, he taught me what it means to be a gentleman, he taught me about taking care of family and he taught me about security. All those things I have used in my life to get to this moment," said Mitchell.

He spoke of the trade to Washington that led to his becoming the team's first black player. He said it was "a great day and a sad day that started a very beautiful relationship with Coach Bill McPeak and some great athletes.

"We didn't win a lot of games but we cared about each other. I was in a city that cared a lot about Bobby Mitchell."

Said Edward Bennett Williams: "When [Mitchell] left football in 1969, only Jim Brown was his equal in combined yardage in NFL history. But no one surpassed him in character, courage, dignity and in integrity."

And Mitchell spoke for both Jurgensen and himself when he concluded: "This makes you wonder if you are worthy. I've always wanted to be recognized and respected. My enshrinement today tells me that I am recognized. The love of my family and all of my friends tells me I am respected."


Washington NFL Team Retires Jersey Of Its First Black Player, Leaves Racist Name In Place

Washington’s NFL team on Saturday announced that it is retiring jersey number 49, which was worn by Bobby Mitchell, the team’s first Black player. The football team also said a part of its stadium originally named for the team’s racist founder would be renamed in honor of Mitchell.

“There is no one more deserving of these honors than the late Bobby Mitchell,” Washington football team owner Dan Snyder said in a statement.

He continued: “Bobby was one of the most influential players not only in our team’s history, but in the National Football League. He excelled on the field, in the front office and most importantly in his community where he had a tremendous impact on the lives of so many through his charitable efforts. He was one of the greatest men I have ever known.”

Mitchell played for the Washington football team for seven seasons. He was selected for the Pro Bowl four times during his career and was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1983.

He retired from the field in 1968, but remained with the team, working his way up from a pro scout to the team’s assistant general manager. He retired from the organization in 2002.

Mitchell died in April at the age of 84.

“Bobby was our Jackie Robinson,” former player Brig Owens said in a statement. “He was more than an exceptional football player and athlete, he was an exceptional human being. He was like a brother to me.”

The lower level of FedExField, where the team has played since 1997, will be renamed to honor Mitchell. It was previously named for founder George Preston Marshall, who opposed desegregation and was the last team owner to integrate his team’s roster.

The announcement comes amid a nationwide reckoning on racism sparked by the police killing of George Floyd in Minneapolis last month. On Friday, in the morning hours of Juneteenth, a holiday commemorating the end of slavery in the U.S., a statue of Marshall was removed from RFK Stadium in Washington, D.C., where the football team played from 1961 to 1996.

Marshall’s name remains part of the team’s Ring of Fame inside FedEx stadium’s inside facade. The organization is revisiting whether to remove the founder’s name from that display, The Washington Post reported.

The team did not immediately respond to HuffPost’s request for comment.

Several NFL teams, including Washington, made Juneteenth this year a paid company holiday. But many activists say the organization has a long way to go in adequately addressing racism.

The team’s official name, the Redskins, is a racist slur against Native Americans, and has long been a source of controversy. Indigenous advocacy groups and a coalition of civil rights organizations, including the NAACP, have called on the team to change its name and logo. But the team hasn’t budged.

Twitter users praised the team for honoring Mitchell, but also called it out for failing to take more action.

“A great and overdue gesture that the #Redskins are finally retiring Bobby Mitchell’s No. 49,” one Twitter user wrote, “but they should really retire that entirely racist name too at the same time.”

“Do the right thing and retire your racist name/logo,” another person tweeted. “It’s long overdue!”


Mitchell inspires teens

A delighted group of students from various high schools in northeast Ohio enjoyed the many words of wisdom from Hall of Famer Bobby Mitchell on Friday morning. While the on-the-field exploits of the Hall of Fame halfback/receiver are well documented, those in attendance on Friday were treated to an in-depth understanding of Bobby Mitchell, the person.

Mitchell, a member of the Hall of Fame's Class of 1983, served as the keynote speaker for African-American Pioneers in Pro Football, presented as a part of the Hall's Educational Outreach Program. Students were admitted free of charge to the two morning sessions. Many visitors to the museum on Friday also attended the sessions as the public was welcomed with the price of admission.

Mitchell, who starred for the Cleveland Browns as a halfback, was traded in 1962 to the Washington Redskins, the NFL's last all white team.

"In 1962, I was just trying to feed my wife and kids," stated Mitchell. At his own admission Mitchell knew very little about the pro game and therefore was actually somewhat unaware of the racial barriers that existed.

The program began with an introduction by Jerry Csaki, the Hall's educational programs coordinator who outlined the history of African-Americans in professional football. He was followed by Vice President of Communications/Exhibits Joe Horrigan who recounted the historical perspective of the color barrier in pro football that was permanently broken in 1946.

"It wasn't the end of a barrier but the start of a correction," noted Horrigan. He spoke about how the racial inequality in pro football was a microcosm of society. Horrigan explained how so many of the early football pioneers such as Hall of Famers Marion Motley, Bill Willis and Mitchell had to endure many tribulations for the many years and decades that followed.

Insight into Mitchell's career was presented to those on hand through an NFL Films piece that documented Bobby's more than 40 years in the NFL, first as a player and then as a front office executive with the Redskins. Mitchell used the opportunity on Friday to encourage the teens on hand. The students traveled from various school districts in Akron, Canton, Cleveland, and Massillon.

"Remember this as young people. You travel with the twins, and their names are applause and criticism." He shared his personal triumphs on the field as well as discussed the pressure from the African-American community in Washington that was placed on him. As the first black star for the Redskins, the African-American fans expected him to be perfect at all times.

"I grew up and things were expected," he commented. "You did it and you took what came with it."

The audience listened intently as Bobby recounted his personal relationship with the late Bobby Kennedy. The former senator and presidential hopeful had befriended Mitchell upon his arrival in the nation's capital in the early 1960s. Mitchell also spoke about several other influential people in his life which included four Hall of Fame coaches -- Paul Brown, George Allen, Joe Gibbs, and the legendary Vince Lombardi.

It was Lombardi who encouraged Bobby to work hard and that his dreams would come true. Mitchell pursued a career in the front office of the Redskins during a time when few African-Americans worked in such positions. His dream of becoming a general manager never happened as Mitchell retired last year as the Redskins assistant GM.

"Dreams don't always come true," he exclaimed. He quickly noted that dreams can come 95% true and how truly fortunate he was to have experienced the many high and lows that shaped the person he was and is.


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